Sexologist Blog

How to Prevent HIV if Having Men to Men Sex?

June 19, 2019

Men who have sex with men may be more susceptible than others to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like HIV, as well as other health conditions.HIV occurs due to human immunodeficiency virus. This virus may cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. The human body cannot get rid of HIV, like other viruses i.e., if you have HIV, you have it for life.

HIV Spreads by:

  • Having anal and vaginal sex with someone who has HIV
  • Having multiple sex partners
  • Sharing syringes, needles with someone who has HIV
  • Less commonly, by oral sex

How to prevent HIV?

Recognize what are riskier and safer sexual behaviors: You are more possible to have HIV through anal or vaginal sex. You have maximum chances of getting or giving somebody HIV from anal sex. When you are HIV-negative, insertive anal sex is less risky for getting HIV than receptive anal sex. Sexual activities without the exchange of body fluids do not cause HIV.

Use condoms: Every time you have sex, make sure to use condoms correctly.

Decrease the number of partners you have sex with: The more the number of partners you have, the more likely you are to have a partner with HIV or STD. Both conditions increase your chances of getting HIV.

HIV antiretroviral treatment: If you have HIV, take HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) on a regular basis to significantly lower the chances of giving HIV to others and improve your own health.

Treatment: If your partner is HIV-positive, motivate your partner to get and stay on treatment. ART decreases the amount of HIV virus in blood and body fluids. ART can keep people with HIV healthy for several years, and very much decrease the chances of spreading HIV to sex partners when taken habitually and properly. Get proper tests and treatment for other STDs and motivate your partner also to do the same.

PrEP: Discuss with your doctor regarding pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), taking HIV medicine on a daily basis to prevent getting HIV.

PEP: Discuss with your doctor right away regarding post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) when you have possible exposure to HIV within 3 days.

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