Sexologist Blog

How Does Smoking Affect Sperm?

June 13, 2019

Smoking may have a negative effect on your fertility. We all know that smoking is injurious to health, but do you know that it is equally bad for your sexual health. It affects both the genders equally by decreasing their fertility. Smoking has been associated with an increased risk for many cancers, heart disease and a range of other health issues. The toxins in cigarettes not only harm your lungs but also your entire body including your reproductive system. It is said that smoking is linked with decreased sperm count, decreased sperm motility and poor sperm morphology.

How smoking have an effect on sperm? Men who smoke have decreased sperm count, reduced motility (how they swim), less normally shaped sperm, and greater sperm DNA damage. Here is a description:

Sperm count: Sperm count is the number of sperm found in a measured quantity of semen. Studies indicate that there is a 23 percent decrease in sperm count in men who smoke.

Sperm motility: Sperm motility is the swimming capacity of the sperm. When sperm cannot swim appropriately, they may have difficulty reaching the egg and fertilizing it. It is found that the people who smoke have a 13 percent decrease in sperm motility.

Sperm morphology: Sperm morphology signifies the shape of sperm. Oddly shaped sperm might not swim correctly to reach the egg and may not be able to fertilize the egg. Smoking significantly affects the healthy shaped sperm in a negative way.

Sperm DNA: Several studies have found that the sperm of men who smoke has greater DNA fragmentation. DNA damaged sperm may perhaps lead to troubles with fertilization, embryo growth, embryo implantation, and greater miscarriage rates. Males who smoke might also have nonstandard hormone levels, which may affect fertility.

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